The Sikkim Excise Department, Government of Sikkim looks after implementation and enforcement of The Sikkim Excise Act, 1992 (State Act) and Medicinal and Toilet Preparations Act (Excise Duties) Act, 1955 (Central Act) in the State. In addition, it strives to prevent the use of unsafe liquor and ensure informed consumption of liquor keeping in view the health and hygiene of the consumers. The Department is also a major contributor in the Revenue generation of the State Government for funding of developmental activities.
The objective of the Department comprises the following:
1. Regulate manufacture, transport, possession and sale of all excisable articles.
2. Effective enforcement and inspection.
3. Generate optimal Revenue for funding of developmental activities of the State Government.
4. Impart training to officers and staffs for better efficiency.
The Central/State Acts administered by the Department are:
1. The Sikkim Excise Act, 1992 (State Act)
2. The Medicinal & Toilet preparation Act (Excise Duties) Act, 1995, (Central Act)
3. The Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, (Central Act)
4. The prevention of illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988, (Central Act).
The Sikkim Excise Act, 1992 and the Medicinal & Toilet Preparation Act 1955 enables the Department not only to regulate but also enable collection of Revenues by way of Excise Duty, License Fee, and Export Pass Fee etc. Under the provisions of the above Acts, the Department monitors and frames Rules and Regulations for manufacture, import, export, licensing, sale, storage /warehousing, inspection of all alcohol, spirits, derivatives, raw material and by products. The Department is also a major contributor to the Revenue of the State Government.
The Department is presently headed by an officer in the rank of Secretary to the Government. Till 1974 it was headed by the Executive Officer and was located at the old District Office (presently the Secretariat Annex adjacent to Power Secretariat). The Department shifted to its present premises at Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Gangtok in the mid 1970’s. The Secretary is assisted by Commissioner, Joint Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner, other officers and staffs.
The Department has a Regional Office for South/West located at Jorethang headed by a Deputy Commissioner District who looks after the affairs and Assistant Commissioner who acts as the D&DO for South and West Districts. An officer in the rank of Sub-Inspector along with other supporting staffs is also stationed in Gyalshing, West Sikkim. The North and the East Districts’ falls under the jurisdiction of the Regional Office (North/East) attached with the Head Office, Gangtok. Excise personals are also posted at Mangan, North Sikkim.
The Department also runs a Laboratory at Chanatar, Rangpo. The sole responsibility of the Laboratory is to examine, test and analyze all liquors produced in Sikkim.
The Department also registers and issues licenses to various retail shops and bars. The implementation of various Acts, Rules and Regulations and its enforcement is very important for the Department. Training is mandatory for field staff as well as executive officers. It is an important aspect for the Department to be efficient and effective and, as such, field staff and officers are deputed for training and refreshers course at regular intervals